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Acronyms & Abbreviations

It is not unusual to abbreviate or shorten words in order to save time or space. Abbreviations are shortened or contracted forms of words and phrases. Acronyms are a specific type of abbreviation. They take the first letters of a multi-word term, name, or phrase, to form a new term when those letters are pronounced together. This list allows you to decipher some of the abbreviations and acronyms most commonly used in relation to our products and technology. Use CTRL+F to search this page only.

Acronyms & Abbreviations A-F

Term

Definition

ADPCM

Adaptive Differential Pulse Code Modulation

A technology for coding audio signals. ADPCM produces a lower bit rate than standard PCM (Pulse Code Modulation) by recording only the difference between samples and adjusting the coding scale dynamically to accommodate large and small differences.

AlphaNet

Allows services to be available across a network of AlphaCom intercom exchanges.

Alternative routing​

Re-routing of AlphaNet calls via transit exchange on congestion or link failure.

API

Application Programming Interface

A set of routines, data structures, object classes and/or protocols provided by libraries and/or operating system services in order to support the building of applications.

ASCII

American Standard Code for Information Interchange

A common format for representing characters in text files in computers and on the Internet.In an ASCII file, each alphabetic, numeric, or special character is represented with an 8-bitbinary number.

ATA

Analog Telephony Adapter

A device used to connect one or more standard analog telephones to a HVoice over IPH service.

ATM

Asynchronous Transfer Mode

A cell switched network protocol which encodes data or voice traffic into small fixed sized cells of 53 bytes: 48 bytes of data and 5 bytes of header information, instead of variablesized packets as in packet-switched networks such as the Internet Protocol or Ethernet.

CAT5

Category 5 data grade cable

The cable is capable of handling data and voice traffic at a frequency of up to 100 MHz over a length of minimum 100 meters. It often contains 4-pair twisted cable pairs with standard termination in an 8-pin RJ45 plug or socket. The cable may be with or without shield.

CCoIP®

Critical Communication over IP

Vingtor-Stentofon's Critical Communication over IP employs VoIP, but goes an important stepfurther by adding new IP services and applications integrating security, quality andreliability capabilities required in critical situations..

CCTV

Closed Circuit TeleVision

Camera system used for surveillance.

Client

The client part of a client-server architecture. Typically, a client is an application that runs on a personal computer or workstation and relies on a server to perform some operations. For example, a PC can operate as a telephone or an e-mail client is an application thatenables you to send and receive e-mails.

Codec

Compressor / Decompressor

Any technology for compressing and decompressing data. Codecs can be implemented insoftware, hardware, or a combination of both.

DECT

Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications

An ETSI standard for digital cordless phones, commonly used for domestic or corporateuse. DECT can also be used for wireless data transfers. DECT is (like GSM) a cellular system. A major difference between the systems is the cellradius — DECT cells have a radius of 25 to 100 meters, while that of GSM cells are 2 to35 km.

DiffServ

Differentiated Services

The DiffServ model for QoS was developed to differentiate IP traffic so that the traffic'srelative priority could be determined on a per-hop basis. By using DiffServ, traffic is classified based on priority. Traffic with similar servicecharacteristics will be passed with similar traffic guarantees across multiple networks, evenif the multiple networks don't provide the same service the same way. This is an importantfeature because the Internet is a network of multiple service provider networks.

DMZ

DeMilitarized Zone

A security network area that sits between an organization's internal network and anexternal network, usually the Internet.Connections from the internal and the external network to the DMZ are permitted, whereasconnections from the DMZ are only permitted to the external network. Hosts in the DMZwork as proxies towards the internal network. This allows the DMZ's hosts to provideservices to the external network while protecting the internal network from someone on theexternal network who wants to illegally connect to the internal network.

 

DSL

Digital Subscriber Line

A family of technologies that provide digital data transmission over the wires used in the"last mile" of a local telephone network.Typically, the download speed of DSL ranges from 128 Kbps to 24 000 Kbps depending onDSL technology and service level implemented. Upload speed is lower than downloadspeed for ADSL and symmetrical for SDS

Dual Display

Offers two displays in AlphaCom stations for easy use.The upper display provides dynamic labelling and status information for direct access keys. The lower display provides general display information such as number information,time and messages as well as dynamic menu labelling.

E1

A European digital transmission standard.The E1 signal format carries data at a rate of 2.048 Mbps and can carry 32 of 64 Kbpschannels.

EDI

External Data Input

The part of the Vingtor-Stentofon's Service Creation Environment which can interpret anyincoming data into AlphaCom exchange understandable commands.Prime examples are close integration with fire alarm or radio equipment. Incoming datastrings are interpreted in the event handler and the required action can be performed, suchas setting up calls between intercom stations, sending automatic broadcast messages orrouting incoming received radio audio to the appropriate operators.

EDO

External Data Output

The part of the Vingtor-Stentonfon Service Creation Environment which can translate AlphaCom exchange actions into commands to be sent to external equipment in the nativeprotocol of that equipment.An example is to send commands to CCTV equipment to switch a camera output to acertain monitor when a voice connection is established between intercom stations.

ERP

Enterprise Resource Planning

ERP systems attempt to integrate several data sources and processes of an organizationinto a unified system. A typical ERP system will use multiple components of computersoftware and hardware to achieve the integration. A key ingredient of most ERP systems isthe use of a unified database to store data for the various system modules..

Ethernet

The most widely installed local area network (LAN) technology.Ethernet uses a bus or star topology and supports data transfer rates of 10 Mbps, 100Mbps or 1 Gbps. The Ethernet specification served as the basis for the IEEE 802.3standard, which specifies the physical and lower software layers.

Firewall

A set of related programs, located at a network gateway server that protects the resourcesof a private network from users from other networks. The term also implies the security policy that is used with the programs. An enterprise withan intranet that allows its workers access to the wider Internet installs a firewall to preventoutsiders from accessing its own private data resources and for controlling what outsideresources its own users have access to.

FTP

File Transfer Protocol

A commonly used protocol for exchanging files over any network that supports the TCP/IPprotocol (such as the Internet or an intranet).

Acronyms & Abbreviations G-Q

Term

Definition

G.711

An ITU-T standard for audio compression.A standard to represent 8 bit compressed pulse code modulation (PCM) samples forsignals of voice frequencies, sampled at the rate of 8 kHz.A G.711 encoder will create a 64 Kbps bitstream. The frequency range is 300-3400 Hz.There are two main versions defined in the standard, mu-law algorithm (used in NorthAmericaJapan) and a-law algorithm (used in Europe and the rest of the world).

G.722

An ITU-T standard for wideband speech codec operating at 32-64 Kbps. Technology of thecodec is based on split band ADPCM. G.722 samples audio data at a rate of 16 kHz,double that of traditional G.711 telephony interfaces, which results in superior audio qualityand clarity. The frequency range is 300-7000 Hz.

HTML

HyperTextMarkupLanguage

A markup language designed for the creation of web pages and other information viewablein a browser. HTML is used to structure information - denoting certain text as headings,paragraphs, lists and so on - and can be used to define the semantics of a document.

HTTP

HyperTextTransferProtocol

The primary method used to convey information on the World Wide Web. The originalpurpose was to provide a way to publish and receive HTML pages.

Hub

An Ethernet hub is a device for connecting Ethernet devices together.It works at the physical layer of the OSI model, repeating the signal that comes into oneport and out each of the other ports.If a signal comes into two ports at the same time a collision occurs, so every attached device shares the same collision domain. Hubs support only half duplex Ethernet,providing bandwidth which is shared among all the connected devices.

Intranet

The generic term for a collection of private computer networks within an organization. Intranets are communication tools designed to enable easy information sharing within workgroups.

 

IP

Internet Protocol

It is a mechanism by which packets may be routed between computers on a network-ofnetworks. IP allows computers to be connected using various physical media, ranging from modems to Ethernet cabling, fiber-optic cables and even satellite and radio links. IP is designed to be robust and to gracefully handle the loss of some connections. Individual packets of data are routed by hosts following just a few local routing rules and with little knowledge of the overall network structure. As its name implies, the global Internet is constructed using the IP network protocol.

IPsec

IP Security

A standard for securing Internet Protocol (IP) communications by encrypting and/or authenticating all IP packets. IPsec provides security at the network layer.

ISDN

Integrated Services Digital Network

A set of CCITT/ITU standards for digital transmission over ordinary telephone copper wire as well as over other media.

ISP

Internet Service Provider

A company that provides WAN links and internet access.

ITSP

Internet Telephony Service Provider

A company that offers services for making telephone calls using VoIP technology. Most ITSPs use the SIP standard for transmitting telephone calls as IP data packets.

L2TP

Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol

A tunnelling protocol used to support virtual private networks (VPNs). L2TP does not provide encryption of data.

LAN

Local Area Network

Supplies connectivity to a group of computers in close proximity to each other such as in an office building, a school or a home.

OLE

Object Linking and Embedding.

 

OPC

OLE for Process Control

OPC is open connectivity via open standards. They fill a need in data automation applications such as printer drivers for Windows.

PABX

Private Automatic Branch Exchange

An automatic telephone switching system within a private enterprise. Originally, such systems - called private branch exchanges (PBX) - required the use of a live operator. Since almost all private branch exchanges today are automatic, the abbreviation "PBX" usually implies a "PABX.".

PBX

Private Branch Exchange

A private telephone network used within an enterprise. Users of the PBX share a certain number of outside lines for making telephone calls external to the PBX. Most medium-sized and larger companies use a PBX because it's much less expensive than connecting an external telephone line to every telephone in the organization. In addition, it's easier to call someone within a PBX because the number you need to dial is typically just 3 or 4 digits.

PHP

Personal Hypertext Preprocessor (originally Personal Home Page)

IEEE 802.3af is a standard to distribute power from a central location to remote endpoints by using the same CAT5 cable which is used for the IP data connection to that endpoint. Powered endpoints are, for instance, STENTOFON IP intercom units or IP CCTV cameras. This method of powering IP endpoints has a number of main advantages: - Backup power can be provided from a central location - There is no need for individual power points in the vicinity of each endpoint.

PoE

Power over Ethernet

The part of the STENTOFON Service Creation Environment which can translateAlphaCom exchange actions into commands to be sent to external equipment in the nativeprotocol of that equipment.An example is to send commands to CCTV equipment to switch a camera output to acertain monitor when a voice connection is established between intercom stations.

PPTP

Point-to-Point Tunnelling Protocol

Point-to-Point Tunnelling Protocol PPTP is a tunnelling protocol used to support virtual private networks (VPNs). PPTP does not provide encryption of data.

Proxy

The process of having one host act on behalf of another.

PSTN

Public Switched Telephone Network

The world's collection of interconnected voice-oriented public telephone networks, both commercial and state-owned.

QoS

Quality of Service

The system’s ability to service a given application efficiently without affecting its function or performance.

Acronyms & Abbreviations R-Z

Term

Definition

RFC

Request For Comments

An RFC describes an Internet standard. RFCs are published by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) www.ietf.org.

RIO

Remote Input/Output

RIO is the concept where the STENTOFON AlphaCom exchange has control over remotely located logical inputs and outputs through either a serial data link or across an IP data network. The logical inputs can receive status information from 3rd party equipment; the logical outputs can be used to control 3rd party equipment.

Alternative routing​

Re-routing of AlphaNet calls via transit exchange on congestion or link failure.

RoHS

Restriction of Hazardous Substances

The RoHS directive restricts the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment.

Router

Network node for connecting networks together>

Routers also handle certain functions, such as routing or managing the traffic on the networks they connect.

RTCP

Real-time Transport Control Protocol

Provides out-of-band control information for an RTP flow. The primary function of RTCP is to provide feedback on the quality of service being provided by RTP.

RTP

Real-Time Protocol

An IETF protocol for transmitting real-time data such as audio and video. Typically, RTP runs on top of the UDP protocol, although the specification is general enough to support other transport protocols.

SDK

Software Development Kit

A collection of programming tools, utilities, documentation, and libraries of functions or classes. SDK is a term popularized by Microsoft as in Windows SDK or Windows Media

SIP

Session Initiation Protocol

An IP telephony signaling protocol developed by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Primarily used for Voice over IP (VoIP) calls, but SIP can also be used for video or any media type...

SNMP

Simple Network Management Protocol

Simple network management protocol (SNMP) is a set of protocols for centralizing the management of IP networks. It is used for both collecting information from and configuring the full range of network devices, including servers, printers, switches, hubs, routers, firewalls, wireless access points and individual workstations. A wide variety of information can be collected, ranging from a server's CPU (central processing unit) usage level to its chassis temperature.

syslog

System logging

A standard for forwarding log messages in an IP network. The term "syslog" is often used for both the actual syslog protocol, as well as the application or library sending syslog messages. The syslog protocol is very simplistic: the syslog sender sends a small textual message via UDP in clear text. Syslog is typically used for computer system management and security auditing. It is supported by a wide variety of devices and receivers. Syslog can be used to integrate log data from many different types of systems into a central repository.

TCP

Transmission Control Protocol

TCP is a connection-based protocol that provides a reliable flow of data between two computers

ToS

Type of Service

A field in an IP packet that is used for quality of service (QoS). The TOS field is 8 bits. Routers use the value in the TOS field to classify how the IP packets should be prioritized and processed.

UDP

User Datagram Protocol

One of the core protocols of the Internet protocol suite. Using UDP, programs on networked computers can send short messages known as datagrams to one another. UDP does not provide the reliability and ordering guarantees that TCP does; datagrams may arrive out of order or go missing without notice. However, as a

UPS

Uninterruptible Power Supply

A device or system that maintains a continuous supply of electric power to certain essential equipment that must not be shut down unexpectedly. The equipment is inserted between a primary power source, such as a commercial utility, and the primary power input of equipment to be protected, for the purpose of eliminating the effects of a temporary power outage and transient anomalies.

 

VLAN

Virtual LANs

VLAN is a logical subgroup within a local area network that is created via software rather than manually moving cables in the wiring closet.

VoIP

VoIP is a technology which allows voice communications to be transmitted over a data network.

VPN

Virtual Private Network

A private network that is constructed by using public networks to connect nodes. For example, there are a number of systems that enable you to create networks using the Internet as the medium for transporting data. These systems use encryption and other security mechanisms to ensure that only authorized users can access the network and that the data cannot be intercepted.

WAN

Wide Area Network

A WAN spans a large geographic area, such as a state, country or even multiple countries. WANs normally connect multiple LANs and other smaller-scale area networks. WANs differ from LANs in several important ways:

  • More expensive networking equipment and infrastructures than LAN
  • WAN usually carries significantly lower data bandwidth than LAN due to higher cost
  • Need for bandwidth, security, quality of service must be evaluated against costs The main implementation options are:
  • Leased or dedicated line infrastructure
  • Outsourced to Internet Service Providers (ISP)
  • Virtual Private Networks (VPN)

Wi-Fi

Wireless Fidelity

A term for certain types of wireless local area networks (WLANs) that use specifications in the Ethernet 802.11 family.

WLAN

Wireless Local Area Network

A WLAN links devices via a wireless distribution method (typically Hspread-spectrumH or HOFDMH radio), and usually provides a connection through an access point to the wider internet. This affords users the mobility to roam around within a local coverage area and still be connected to the network.

X.25

An ITU-T standard protocol suite for WAN networks using the phone or ISDN system as the networking hardware. It defines the standard physical, data link, and network layers of the OSI model.

XML

Extensible Markup Language

A W3C-recommended general-purpose markup language for creating special-purpose markup languages. It is a simplified subset of SGML, capable of describing many different kinds of data. Its primary purpose is to facilitate the sharing of data across different systems, particularly systems connected via the Internet. Languages based on XML are defined in a formal way, allowing programs to modify and validate documents in these languages without prior knowledge of their form.